[219] The South Western Main Line runs through the south at Bournemouth, Poole, Dorchester and the terminus at Weymouth. The A338 heads north from Bournemouth to Ringwood (Hampshire) and on to Salisbury (Wiltshire) and beyond. [21] Over the next 200 years Dorset's population grew substantially and additional land was enclosed for farming to provide the extra food required. [23] However, Dorset was devastated by the bubonic plague in 1348 which arrived in Melcombe Regis on a ship from Gascony. Interestingly, West Dorset is where Britain’s only dinosaur bone was found. [173] The museum is the largest in Dorset and its collection has been designated of national importance. Launched in 2008, the festival features sporting activities, cultural events and local entertainers. Some of the county's schools are academies—self-governing state schools which have become independent of their local education authority and are maintained directly by the Department for Education. Bournemouth, which plays in the EFL Championship— the second highest division in the English football league system. The third most southerly county in the UK, Dorset is less affected by the more intense Atlantic winds than Cornwall and Devon. Alongside the rural areas, North Dorset is also home to a number of popular towns including Blandford Forum, Gillingham, Shaftesbury, and Sturminster Newton. This coast documents the entire Mesozoic era, from Triassic to Cretaceous, and is noted for its geological landforms. This consisted of 412,905 for the non-metropolitan county (not including Bournemouth and Poole), 183,491 for the unitary authority of Bournemouth and 147,645 for the unitary authority of Poole. [218], Dorset is connected to London by two main line railways. [230], Dorset is served by 14 commercial bus operators. Dorchester Town Trail is a 1.2 mile loop trail located near Dorchester, Dorset, England and is good for all skill levels. [110], Dorset's population has a high proportion of older people and a lower than average proportion of young people: According to 2013 mid-year estimates,[Note 1] 23.6% are over 65 years of age, higher than the England and Wales average of 17.4%, and 18.6% are less than 17 years old, lower than the England and Wales average of 21.3%. The county town is the Dorchester. The county has one of the highest proportions of conservation areas in England—and two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) covering 53% of the administrative county. [186] The Spirit of the Seas is a maritime festival held in Weymouth and Portland. [204] Several other writers have called Dorset home, including Douglas Adams, who wrote much of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy while he lived in Stalbridge;[205] John le Carré, author of espionage novels, was born in Poole;[206] Tom Sharpe of Wilt fame lived in Bridport;[207] John Fowles (The French Lieutenant's Woman) lived in Lyme Regis before he died in late 2005;[208] T.F. Interactive map of Dorset Joe 02 June 2018 Dorset is a beautiful county, featuring a mix of coastal and rural locations, found in the South West of England on the English Channel coast. For further information on the towns and villages within Dorset please contact one of Dorset’s Tourist Information Centres who will be happy to help. [118] Around 95.2% of Dorset's population are of white ethnicity, 60.9% of the population are Christian and 28.5% say they are not religious. In 1844, Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council, reorganisation of local government in 1974, List of settlements in Dorset by population, South West Hampshire/South East Dorset Green Belt, Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole (BCP) Council, List of Parliamentary constituencies in Dorset, Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy, List of schools in Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole, "Somme memorial to Dorset World War I soldiers", "Thankful villages: The places where everyone came back from the wars", "Bournemouth Bids for Queen's Jubilee City Status", "Poundbury: can Prince Charles change the way we build? [17] In 789 the first recorded Viking attack on the British Isles took place in Dorset on the Portland coast, and they continued to raid into the county for the next two centuries. [155] When the waters around Weymouth and Portland were chosen for the sailing events in the 2012 Summer Olympic Games, the area underwent an increased investment in infrastructure and a growth in the marine leisure sector. [262], Responsibility for state schools in Dorset is divided between three local education authorities: Dorset County Council, which covers the majority of the county, and Bournemouth and Poole unitary authorities. [1][226] Poole, since the dredging of the main channel in 2008, and Portland harbours are capable of taking cruise liners. ", "Planning for Minerals and Waste (newsletter number 8)", "Length of coastline and coastal designations", "Nature Conservation Designations – SSSIs", "Rainfall Amount Annual Average 1981–2010", "Life Expectancy at Birth 2006–2008 to 2010–2012; Counties in England (Males and Females)", "Dorset Modern (post 1974) County: Total Population", "New Electoral Arrangements for Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Councils - Final Recommendations", "Ward boundaries finalised for new Dorset Council", "24th May 2018: Council Leaders welcome "historic day" as Parliamentary process concludes", "Borough's tax payers face 4.5 per cent rise", "Is it the right time for Poole and Bournemouth to merge? [170][171] The Dorset County Museum in Dorchester was founded in 1846 and contains an extensive collection of exhibits covering the county's history and environment. This map of Dorset is from the 1583 edition of the Saxton atlas of England and Wales. The county town is Dorchester which is in the south. Dorset, along with the entire south-west, has higher winter temperatures, average 4.5 to 8.7 °C (40.1 to 47.7 °F), than the rest of the United Kingdom. [108] Average annual rainfall varies across the county—southern and eastern coastal areas receive 700–800 mm (28–31 in) per year; the Dorset Downs receive between 1,000 and 1,250 mm (39–49 in) per year; less than Devon and Cornwall to the west but more than counties to the east. [91] The rivers Axe and Yeo, which principally drain the counties of Devon and Somerset respectively, have their sources in the north-west of the county. Cemeteries in Dorset, a Find A Grave. [184], Dorset hosts a number of annual festivals, fairs and events including the Great Dorset Steam Fair near Blandford, one of the largest events of its kind in Europe,[185] and the Bournemouth Air Festival, a free air show that attracted 1.3 million visitors in 2009. Other towns in Dorset include Bournemouth, Poole, Weymouth, Christchurch, Ferndown, Wimborne Minster, Bridport, Verwood, and Blandford Forum. There are no motorways in Dorset but a network of A roads cross the county and two railway main lines connect to London. An historic market town, Dorchester is on the banks of the River Frome to the south of the Dorset Downs and north of the South Dorset Ridgeway that separates the area from Weymouth, 7 miles (11 km) to the south. [256][257] Notable examples of Early Georgian churches include the Bastard brothers' Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Blandford Forum, and St George's Church on the Isle of Portland, which has a steeple and tower inspired by the works of Christopher Wren. [244][245] Christianity became firmly established in the county during the Saxon period although there are few surviving Saxon churches; the most complete is St. Martin's in Wareham which has features from the early 11th century. [73][74] The Blackmore Vale is composed of older Jurassic deposits, largely clays interspersed with limestones,[70] and has traditionally been a centre for dairy agriculture. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Dorset, ON. This compares favourably with the averages for England and Wales of 82.9 and 79.1 years respectively. It shares estate borders taking into consideration Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The beaches here are renowned for the bucket and spade days out that they offer, with the city of Bournemouth offering fantastic shopping and nightlife here too. The county's coastline, on the English Channel, is noted for its watersports (particularly sailing, gig racing, windsurfing, power boating and kayaking) which take advantage of the sheltered waters in the bays of Weymouth and Poole, and the harbours of Poole and Portland. [42][43] In total some 4,500 Dorset servicemen died in the war and of the county's towns and villages, only one, Langton Herring, known as a Thankful Village, had no residents killed. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England … [110][111], More than 33% of the county's population possess a level 4 qualification or above, such as a Higher National Diploma, Degree or a Higher Degree; while nearly 6.3% have no qualifications at all. Dorset is a beautiful county, featuring a mix of coastal and rural locations, found in the South West of England on the English Channel coast. [144], The principal industry in Dorset was once agriculture. It was completed in 1789. The Travel Chapter Limited, trading as holidaycottages.co.uk | The Travel Chapter Limited is registered in England and Wales. [77] Most of the Dorset heathland has Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) status with three areas designated as internationally important Ramsar sites. Dorset experienced an increase in holiday-makers after the war. [62], Dorset covers an area of 2,653 square kilometres (1,024 sq mi) and contains considerable variety in its underlying geology, which is partly responsible for the diversity of landscape. This is a list of settlements and other places in Dorset, England.Settlements with populations over 3,000 are listed in bold, as are all settlements classified as towns (example: Blandford Forum).Other settlements in plain text (example: Abbotsbury). Use our map of Dorset above to discover the perfect location for your holiday in Dorset. The trail is primarily used … It has not, however, been the largest employer since the mid 19th century as mechanisation substantially reduced the number of workers required. A large part of West Dorset falls into an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, as well as being home to part of the UNESCO World Heritage Jurassic Coast Path. [123] In both authorities, elections for the entire council occur every four years. [124], The two authorities came into existence on 1 April 2019, when Bournemouth and Poole merged with Christchurch, one of six second-tier districts previously governed by Dorset County Council, leaving the other five districts - Weymouth and Portland, West Dorset, North Dorset, Purbeck and East Dorset - to form a second UA. [153] Dorset's three ports, Poole, Weymouth and Portland, and the smaller harbours of Christchurch, Swanage, Lyme Regis, Wareham and West Bay generate a substantial amount of international trade and tourism. It is bordered by Devon, Somerset, Wiltshire, and Hampshire. [32] A series of trials known as the Bloody Assizes took place to punish the rebels. [240][241] Few purpose-built places of worship exist in Dorset for faiths other than Christianity. [105] However, Dorset maintains higher summer temperatures than Devon and Cornwall, with average highs of 19.1 to 22.2 °C (66.4 to 72.0 °F). [88] Much of the county drains into three rivers, the Frome, Piddle and Stour which all flow to the sea in a south-easterly direction. [253] St Candida and Holy Cross at Whitchurch Canonicorum is the only church in the country, besides Westminster Abbey, to have a shrine that contains the relics of a saint. Dorset, administrative, geographic, and historic county of southwestern England. Between 1997 and 2019, West Dorset was represented by Conservative MP Oliver Letwin who was the Minister of State at the Cabinet Office in David Cameron's government. Covering an area of 2,653 square kilometres (1,024 sq mi), Dorset borders Devon to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east. When on holiday in West Dorset, you will be treated to picturesque villages and great attractions including the Abbotsbury Sub-Tropical Gardens, Swannery and Children’s Farm. In the south-west, a number of small rivers run into the sea along the Dorset coastline; most notable of these are the Char, Brit, Bride and Wey. It is also a reference to the Wessex Dragon, a symbol of the Saxon Kingdom which Dorset once belonged to, and the gold wreath featured on the badge of the Dorset Regiment. [113][242], Christianity was introduced to Dorset by the Romans. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. [270] Dorset has two higher education establishments situated in the heart of the county's south east conurbation. The former was the sailing venue in the 2012 Summer Olympics, and both have clubs or hire venues for sailing, Cornish pilot gig rowing, sea kayaking and powerboating. [152], Other major employers in the county include: BAE Systems, Sunseeker International, J.P. Morgan, Cobham plc and Bournemouth University. [55], The other two major settlements in the county are Dorchester, which has been the county town since at least 1305,[56] and Weymouth, a major seaside resort since the 18th century. [139], In the 2019 general election, the Conservatives held all eight constituencies in Dorset. [78] In the far west of the county and along the coast there are frequent changes in rock strata, which appear in a less obviously sequential way compared to the landscapes of the chalk and the heath. [7][8] From 2800 BC onwards Bronze Age farmers cleared Dorset's woodlands for agricultural use and Dorset's high chalk hills provided a location for numerous round barrows. [59] Lyme Regis and Swanage are small coastal towns popular with tourists. [37][48] With farming declining across the country, tourism has edged ahead as the primary revenue-earning sector. [29][30] Sherborne Castle was taken by Fairfax that same year and in 1646 Corfe Castle, the last remaining Royalist stronghold in Dorset, was captured after an act of betrayal: both were subsequently slighted. [213][214], Dorset's flag, which is known as the Dorset Cross or St Wite's Cross, was adopted in 2008 following a public competition organised by Dorset County Council. Dorset's climate of warm summers and mild winters is partly due to its position on Britain's south coast. Dorset shares its four borders with the counties of Devon which is to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east. [13][14] Bokerley Dyke, a large defensive ditch built by the county's post-Roman inhabitants near the border with modern-day Hampshire, delayed the advance of the Saxons into Dorset for almost 150 years. [156], Tourism has grown in Dorset since the late 18th century and is now the predominant industry. The map may have originally been drawn in connection with the 1539-40 invasion scare caused by the alliance against England of France and Spain. Map of Poundbury Dorset (United Kingdom) In mapskm.com to page "Map of Poundbury Dorset (United Kingdom)" we provide useful information to those who are to start a trip with arrival in Poundbury. [15] However, by the end of the 7th century Dorset had fallen under Saxon control and been incorporated into the Kingdom of Wessex. [66] Portland and Purbeck stone are of national importance as a building material and for restoring some of Britain's most famous landmarks. During the Second World War, Dorset was heavily involved in the preparations for the invasion of Normandy, and the large harbours of Portland and Poole were two of the main embarkation points. [237] A small section to the west comes under the Diocese of Bath and Wells and to the east Christchurch and much of Bournemouth—both historically part of Hampshire—belong to the Diocese of Winchester. [Note 2][128] Following a review by the Local Government Commission for England, Bournemouth and Poole each became administratively independent single-tier unitary authorities in 1997. Perhaps unsurprisingly for a county so rich in history and natural … [221], Dorset is one of the few counties in England not to have a motorway. Hurn Forest Stroll is a 2.1 mile loop trail located near Christchurch, Dorset, England that features beautiful wild flowers and is good for all skill levels. 8,514 reviews. Dorset has a varied landscape featuring broad elevated chalk downs, steep limestone ridges and low-lying clay valleys. [86] The field, operated by Perenco from Wytch Farm, has the world's oldest continuously pumping well at Kimmeridge which has been producing oil since the early 1960s. [261] The Church of St Nicholas and St Magnus in Moreton is noted for its elaborate engraved glass windows designed by Laurence Whistler. Bournemouth Beach. View a graphic index of sheets for Dorset; View a georeferenced layer (1900-1) of sheets for Dorset The county has a long history of human settlement stretching back to the Neolithic era. Dorset has seen much civil unrest: in the English Civil War, an uprising of vigilantes was crushed by Oliver Cromwell's forces in a pitched battle near Shaftesbury; the doomed Monmouth Rebellion began at Lyme Regis; and a group of farm labourers from Tolpuddle were instrumental in the formation of the trade union movement. [90] The River Avon, which flows mainly through Wiltshire and Hampshire, enters Dorset towards the end of its journey at Christchurch Harbour. [256][260] Bournemouth, founded in 1810, has a wealth of 19th-century churches including St Peter's and St Stephen's. [212] The 19th-century poet William Barnes was born in Bagber and wrote many poems in his native Dorset dialect. The A354 also connects to Salisbury after travelling north-east from Weymouth in the south of the county. [269], Four of the county's five largest towns contain a further education college: Weymouth College, Kingston Maurward College in Dorchester and Bournemouth and Poole College which is one of the largest in the UK. After the reorganisation of local government in 1974, the county's border was extended eastward to incorporate the Hampshire towns of Bournemouth and Christchurch. [20] The Normans consolidated their control over the area by constructing castles at Corfe, Wareham and Dorchester in the early part of the 12th century. Contribute, create and discover gravesites from all over the world. This was slightly above the average for Great Britain but below that of the South West region which was at 10.7% for that period. Dorset shares its four borders with the counties of Devon which is to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east. [54] Poole, the second largest settlement (once the largest town in the county), adjoins Bournemouth to the west and contains the suburb of Sandbanks which has some of the highest land values by area in the world. [263] Bournemouth operates a two-tier system; Poole operates two and three-tier systems. It is one of the few bus routes in England that travels on a ferry (between Sandbanks and Studland)! [150][151] Plans to relocate the Royal School of Signals from Blandford to South Wales could result in a loss of up to £74 million GVA for the area. [75] South-east Dorset, including the lower Frome valley and around Poole and Bournemouth, comprises younger Eocene deposits,[70] mainly sands and clays of poor agricultural quality. [67][68] Almost every type of rock known from the Early Jurassic to the Eocene epochs can be found in the county. [228][229] In August 2007 work began on a £32 million expansion programme which includes enlargement of the terminal building and an increase in parking. The world-renowned Jurassic Coast is an incredible UK destination to go fossil hunting. The ceremonial county of Dorset borders with Devon, Hampshire and Somerset and Wiltshire 74392 74392. [94] The county features some notable coastal landforms, including examples of a cove (Lulworth Cove), a natural arch (Durdle Door) and chalk stacks (Old Harry Rocks). It is expected that this will continue to have a positive effect on local businesses and tourism. [173][174] Other museums which reflect the cultural heritage of the county include The Keep Military Museum in Dorchester, the Russell-Cotes Museum in Bournemouth, the Charmouth Heritage Coast Centre, Poole Museum, Portland Museum and Wareham Town Museum. [145][146] Agriculture has become less profitable and the industry has declined further. It features notable landforms such as Lulworth Cove, the Isle of Portland, Chesil Beach and Durdle Door. [196][197][198] Dorset hosted the sailing events at the 2012 Summer Olympics and 2012 Summer Paralympics at the Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy. The National Trust – 21,772 acres. [18][19], After the Norman Conquest in 1066, feudal rule was established in Dorset and the bulk of the land was divided between the Crown and ecclesiastical institutions. The West of England Main Line runs through the north of the county at Gillingham and Sherborne. Districts Dorset shares its four borders with the counties of Devon which is to the west, Somerset to the north-west, Wiltshire to the north-east, and Hampshire to the east. [71] These limestone areas include a wide band of Cretaceous chalk which crosses the county as a range of hills from north-east to south-west, incorporating Cranborne Chase and the Dorset Downs, and a narrow band running from south-west to south-east, incorporating the Purbeck Hills. [218] The golden colour represents Dorset's sandy beaches and the Dorset landmarks of Golden Cap and Gold Hill. Exeter and Gloucester) and Dornsæte came into use as the name for the inhabitants of the area from Dorn (a reduced form of Dornwaraceaster) and the Old English word sæte (meaning "people"). please ensure you check carefully before making any decisions based on the contents within this article. [45][46] Tens-of-thousands of troops departed Weymouth, Portland and Poole harbours during D-Day and gliders from RAF Tarrant Rushton dropped troops near Caen to begin Operation Tonga. It consists of the seaside resort of Bournemouth, the historic port and borough of Poole, the towns of Christchurch and Ferndown plus many surrounding villages. Dorchester (/ ˈ d ɔːr tʃ ɛ s t ər / DOR-ches-tər) is the county town of Dorset, England.It is situated between Poole and Bridport on the A35 trunk route. [161] Numbers of domestic and foreign tourists have fluctuated in recent years due to various factors including security and economic downturn, a trend reflected throughout the UK. Some 2,000 of these rebels offered battle to Lord Fairfax's Parliamentary army at Hambledon Hill but they were easily routed. Dean Court, currently known as the Vitality Stadium for sponsorship purposes, is a football stadium in Kings Park, Boscombe, a suburb of Bournemouth, Dorset, England and the home ground of AFC Bournemouth. [69][70], Dorset has a number of limestone ridges which are mostly covered in either arable fields or calcareous grassland supporting sheep. At the 2017 general election, the Conservative Party was dominant, taking all eight seats. [163][164][165] The sector is the county's fourth largest employer, but a predicted decline suggests there will be 10,200 fewer jobs in manufacturing by 2026. [79] In the west this results in a hilly landscape of diverse character that resembles that of neighbouring county Devon. The Romans conquered Dorset's indigenous Celtic tribe, and during the Early Middle Ages, the Saxons settled the area and made Dorset a shire in the 7th century. [50][51] The only major urban area is the South East Dorset conurbation, which is situated at the south-eastern end of the county and is atypical of the county as a whole. Get free map for your website. [33] In 1686, at Charborough Park, a meeting took place to plot the downfall of James II of England. [43][44] During the Second World War (1939–1945) Dorset was heavily involved in the preparations for the invasion of Normandy: beach landing exercises were carried out at Studland and Weymouth and the village of Tyneham was requisitioned for army training. [134][135] The seat was won by Chris Loder in the 2019 general election. [119] Almost 43.7% are employed in a professional or technical capacity (Standard Occupational Classification 2010, groups 1–3), just over 10.3% are administrators or secretaries (group 4), around 12.8% have a skilled trade (group 5), over 18% are employed at a low-level in the care, leisure, sales or customer relations sector (groups 6 and 7) and 14.8% are operatives or in elementary occupations (groups 8 and 9). Severely damaged by a stray German bomb in 1940, the church subsequently underwent extensive renovation and Whistler had replaced every window by 1984. 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