[117], The peace of 102 had returned Decebalus to the condition of more or less harmless client king; however, he soon began to rearm, to again harbor Roman runaways, and to pressure his Western neighbors, the Iazyges Sarmatians, into allying themselves with him. The statue of Trajan on top of the column was removed during the Middle Ages and replaced in 1588 by the present one of St. Peter. Trajan, né sous le nom de Marcus Ulpius Traianus le 18 septembre 53 à Italica et mort le 8 ou 9 août 117 à Selinus, en Cilicie, est empereur romain de fin janvier 98 à août 117. The wretched woman, in the midst of all this, [233], According to late literary sources (not backed by numismatic or inscriptional evidence) a province of Assyria was also proclaimed,[234] apparently covering the territory of Adiabene. Patrick Le Roux, IN Ségolène Demougin, ed., Longden, "Notes on the Parthian Campaigns", 8. Roman emperor, born at Italica, in Spain, on the 18th of September 53. [65] The main goal was to curb the overenthusiastic spending on public works that served to channel ancient rivalries between neighboring cities. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Trajan, Jewish Encyclopedia.com - Biography of Trajan, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Biography of Trajan. Alice König argues that the notion of a natural continuity between Nerva's and Trajan's reigns was an ex post facto fiction developed by authors writing under Trajan, like Tacitus and Pliny. Dio, who tells this narrative, offers his father – the then governor of Cilicia Apronianus – as a source, and therefore his narrative is possibly grounded on contemporary rumor. The traditional donative to the troops, however, was reduced by half. Show popularity chart Trajan is a variant of the Latin name Traianus, whose meaning is unknown. In order to build his forum and the adjacent brick market that also held his name Trajan had vast areas of the surrounding Capitoline and Quirinal hills leveled. [174], In short, the scheme was so limited in scope that it could not have fulfilled a coherent economic or demographic purpose – it was directed, not towards the poor, but to the community (in this case, the Italian cities) as a whole. Justice requires it and pity holds me back.' [200] Also, there was the propaganda value of an Eastern conquest that would emulate, in Roman fashion, those of Alexander the Great. Trajan s'empare de l'Arabie Pétrée en 106, de l'Arménie, de l'Assyrie et de la Mésopotamie. Trajan was born in Italica, close to modern Seville in present-day Spain, an Italic settlement in the Roman province of Hispania Baetica. [144] Defense of the province was entrusted to a single legion, the XIII Gemina, stationed at Apulum, which functioned as an advanced guard that could, in case of need, strike either west or east at the Sarmatians living at the borders. RE XII. As a civilian administrator, Trajan is best known for his extensive public building program, which reshaped the city of Rome and left numerous enduring landmarks such as Trajan's Forum, Trajan's Market and Trajan's Column. His elder sister was Ulpia Marciana, and his niece was Salonina Matidia. They constitute a most important source for Roman provincial administration. Trajan built a new city, Colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa, on another site (north of the hill citadel holding the previous Dacian capital) although bearing the same full name, Sarmizegetusa. [46], In the formula developed by Pliny, however, Trajan was a "good" emperor in that, by himself, he approved or blamed the same things that the Senate would have approved or blamed. It was common in Rome for an emperor who didn't have any sons to adopt an adult son as heir. Trajan, Latin in full Caesar Divi Nervae Filius Nerva Traianus Optimus Augustus, also called (97–98 CE) Caesar Nerva Traianus Germanicus, original name Marcus Ulpius Traianus, (born September 15?, 53 ce, Italica, Baetica [now in Spain]—died August 8/9, 117, Selinus, Cilicia [now in Turkey]), Roman emperor (98–117 ce) who sought to extend the boundaries of the empire to the east (notably in Dacia, … In contrast, his successor Hadrian would stress the notion of the empire as ecumenical and of the Emperor as universal benefactor and not kosmocrator. [34], On his entry to Rome, Trajan granted the plebs a direct gift of money. He gave the soldiers only half the cash gifts customary on the accession of a new emperor, but in general, he dealt fairly, if strictly, with the armies. [104] One of Trajan's senatorial creations from the East, the Athenian Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos, a member of the Royal House of Commagene, left behind him a funeral monument on the Mouseion Hill that was later disparagingly described by Pausanias as "a monument built to a Syrian man". [270] The fact that during Hadrian's reign he did not pursue Trajan's senatorial policy may account for the "crass hostility" shown him by literary sources. He commissioned either the creation or enlargement of the road along the Iron Gates, carved into the side … [253] Quietus discharged his commissions successfully, so much that the war was afterward named after him – Kitus being a corruption of Quietus. All Roman Emperors had complex names. After a brief and tumultuous year in power, culminating in a revolt by members of the Praetorian Guard, he was compelled to adopt the more popular Trajan as his heir and successor. [28] Sura is also described as telling Hadrian in 108 about his selection as imperial heir. Its cubical base, decorated with reliefs of heaps of captured arms, later received Trajan’s ashes. Impressive examples survive in Spain, in North Africa, in the Balkans, and in Italy. [250][258], In contrast, the next prominent Roman figure in charge of the repression of the Jewish revolt, the equestrian Quintus Marcius Turbo, who had dealt with the rebel leader from Cyrene, Loukuas,[259] retained Hadrian's trust, eventually becoming his Praetorian Prefect. 47; idem, "Lehnwörter," ii. Nevertheless, the imperial guard (the praetorian cohorts) forced the new emperor to execute the assassins who had secured the throne for him. The administration of the Iron Gate. ``, ll the start in Baetica, his father was the emperor... Bust o Trajan sections you would like to print: Corrections places Trajan in Paradise ( Paradiso XX.44-8 ) ``. 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