[10] However, it has also been reported growing in floating mats in slightly deeper water. Traditionally, Typha latifolia has been a part of certain indigenous cultures of British Columbia, as a source of food, medicine, and for other uses. broadleaf cattail. The species generally grows in flooded areas where the water depth does not exceed 1 meters (3 feet). The young flower spikes, young shoots, and sprouts at the end of the rootstocks are edible as well. beta-Carotene 0% 1 μg 0% 6 μg Thiamine 2% 0.023 mg Ribo… look for cattails growing on the shores of lakes and ponds, in flooded areas and in ditches. The starchy rootstalks were ground into meal by Native Americans. As it turns out, cattails (Typha latifolia) are one of the most versatile plants you’ll find and are one of the top 20 wild edible plants in North America. These plants grow readily along marshy areas near lakes, rivers, ditches and streams. It works well when added with wheat flower. [5] In Canada, broadleaf cattail occurs in all provinces and also in the Yukon and Northwest Territories, and in the United States, it is native to all states except Hawaii. Whether you’re a seasoned forager or just curious to see how to prepare a cattail for eating, read on! Typha latifolia (common cattails) are among the most common of all aquatic plants. Cattails (Typha latifolia) are usually found at the edge of a pond, in marshes or stream beds. Thanks for mentioning it, I’ll publish this comment, but I will also edit the steps to reflect your suggestions. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. The young flower spikes, young shoots, and sprouts at the end of the rootstocks are edible as well. It is found as a native plant species in North and South America, Europe, Eurasia, and Africa. Typha latifolia is an "obligate wetland" species, meaning that it is always found in or near water. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. We’re talking, of course, about Typha latifolia… Family: Typhaceae. Dark green, sword-like leaves 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide 2. The entire cattail plant (Typha latifolia) is edible at some point in the year. The rhizomes can be eaten raw, baked, roasted, or broiled. There are dozens of species found growing in the Northern Hemisphere and Australia with the largest and most common being Typha latifolia. For more in-depth information (e.g. [7] It is found at elevations from sea level to 7,500 feet (2,300 m). When the flowers have matured, the pollen from the male flower part (the top part) is edible and can be used as flour. Wow! It smells and tastes somewhat like cucumber. It is closely related to the Typha angustifolia. Description: 1.2-2.4 meter (4-8 ft) tall perennial stalk. [7] Common cattail is usually found in shallower water than narrow-leaf cattail. common cattail. It works well when added with wheat flower. It consists of many tender filaments with layers of a farinaceous substance between. Typha Typha latifolia Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Typhaceae Genus: Typha L. Synonyms Massula Dulac Rohrbachia Mavrodiev Cattail, narrow leaf shoots Nutritional value per 100 g Energy106 kJ Carbohydrates 5.14 g Sugars0.22 g Dietary fiber4.5 g Fat 0.00 g Protein 1.18 g VitaminsQuantity %DV† Vitamin A equiv. fluff from the brown-cylinder can be burned to separate and parch the seeds, which are edible. Traditionally, Typha latifolia has been a part of certain indigenous cultures of British Columbia, as a source of food, medicine, and for other uses. Common cattails (Typha latifolia) prefer to grow along shallow parts of the water whereas Typha angustifolia prefer deeper sections, but you’ll often find them growing together and they’re both equally edible. In fact, there is so much information about cattails and their uses that I could probably write an entire book on the subject, but… I won’t. Cattails, Typha latifolia, is a grass from the Gramineae family chiefly herbaceous but some woody plants including bamboo; reeds, tules, bulrushes, sugar cane and cereals like wheat, oat, barley, rice, & rye. the variety in Ontario is Common cattail (Typha latifolia). [11][12] The starchy rootstalks were ground into meal by Native Americans. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Ranges for these two plants overlap and they sometimes hybridize ( Typha x glauca has characteristics of both parents) making it sometimes very difficult to identify a specimen plant in the wild. Cattail is a native food with edible roots, shoots, immature flower heads, pollen, and seed! [7] T. latifolia grows mostly in fresh water but also occurs in slightly brackish marshes. Typha latifolia (Broadleaf cattail) Often grows near water in thick stands. In spring, the inner, soft parts of the young stem are edible, raw or cooked. Edible Parts of Cattails the variety in New Brunswick is Common cattail (Typha latifolia). Typha latifolia also known as Cattail, Lesser Bulrush, Lesser Reed-Mace, Nail- Rod, Narrow-Leaf Cattail, Narrow leaf Cattail, Reed-Mace, Small Reed-Mace and Small Bulrush is actually a slender perennial aquatic emergent plant native throughout the temperate northern hemisphere. Typha latifolia, commonly known as cattail or broadleaf cattail, found all over the world in wet areas. [13], Cross section of plant's pseudostem, formed of overlapping leaf bases, Species of flowering plant in the family Typhaceae, "Typha latifolia, U.S. Forest Service Fire Effects Information Database", "Typha latifolia (Typhaceae) Species description or overview", YouTube - Wild Living with Sunny: episode 4, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Typha_latifolia&oldid=980548356, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 04:06. No more specific details have been given - below are the edible uses of the closely related Typha latifolia, which should, in the main, also apply here:-The plant produces large amounts of biomass, comparable to the most productive agricultural crops [6][7] It is an introduced and invasive species, and is considered a noxious weed, in Australia and Hawaii. ‘An edible root of a species of flag (Typha angustifolia) growing along fresh-water streams and the banks of pools. Many parts of these tall, reedy plants can be ingested. They can be found in some marshy areas in such proliferation it’s no wonder that ancient man discovered that the cattail plant is edible. Typha latifolia Cattail Qty $ 2.85 /packet ... Cattails are a very important food for wildlife and are supposedly quite edible and tasty for humans, too (Euell Gibbons devotes a whole chapter to Cattails in his book, "Stalking the Wild Asparagus."). Typha latifolia (Broadleaf cattail), with St. John’s wort (Hypericum scouleri). 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