The Free Papua Movement (Indonesian: Organisasi Papua Merdeka, OPM) is an umbrella term for the independence movement established during 1965 in the West Papuan or West New Guinea territory which is currently being administrated by Indonesia as the provinces of Papua and West Papua, also formerly known as Papua, Irian Jaya and West Irian. Indonesians began occupying West Papua the following year and in 1969 formally annexed the territory. During the initial phase in early 1942, the Empire of Japan invaded the Australian-administered Mandated Territory of New Guinea (23 January) and the Australian Territory of Papua (21 July) and overran western New Guinea (beginning 29/30 March), which was a part of the Netherlands … It's the early hours of the morning when West Papuan civil independence leader Victor Yeimo emerges from the darkness. On 7 December 1941, Japan attacks several targets simultaneously. [The primary source for this text is the U.S. Army Center for Military History. Heroes of Buna Fascinating, inspiring stories and details about American heroes of Buna who were recognized with the Congressional Medal of Honor. While the flashpoint for the current wave of violence is a 4,000km road project, the origins of West Papua's independence struggle go all the way back to the Cold War. The incident started on December 1, several days before the troops went in. The history of Australian troops in action is well told in a myriad of history books dedicated to that topic. We would need to devote an entire website just to the subject of Australian troops in battle if we were to properly tackle the subject but this page is more about what happened in W.A. The Japanese invasion of Australian and Dutch New Guinea lasts from November 1941 until April 1942. A Bastard of a Place: The Australians in Papua; Victory in Papua (United States Army in World War II) From Poplar to Papua: Montana's 163rd Infantry Regiment in World War II 'US Army in World War II--War in the Pacific: VICTORY IN PAPUA . Discover The Tunnels of Rabaul in Rabaul, Papua New Guinea: This volcanically volatile island town is home to an abandoned series of tunnels left by the Japanese during WWII. Moving letter written about an Australian World War II veteran of West Papua. Dutch New Guinea becomes involved in World War II in 1942. during the wars and a brief overview of the major events during World War One and Two. CMH Pub 72-7 Cover: Troops of the 3d Battalion, 128th Infantry, 32d Infantry Division, cross a stream … For a more general overview of the war see the Brief History of WWII e-text."] Recommended Books about the Papua Campaign. The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. The most exhaustive treatment of the campaign remains Samuel Milner, Victory in Papua (1957), a volume in the series United States Army in World War II. (1957, 1989; 409 pages, 23 maps, 69 illustrations, bibliographical note, glossaries, index, CMH Pub 5-4.) West Papuan separatists announce they will form a new provisional government for the region and reject Indonesia's rule, in a significant escalation of a decades-long battle over independence. December 1 is the day West Papuans mark as their declaration of independence from the Dutch in 1963. Papua New Guinea: Features. February 25, 2016. The best known is the attack on Pearl Harbour (Hawai), in which the American fleet was severely damaged. This moving letter has been written to the people of West Papua by Australian World War II veteran James Burrowes who fought alongside West Papuans to keep Australia Independent from Japanese occupation. By Samuel Milner. 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