Whole oats help break down the sharp points on horses teeth. If hay feeding is warranted, forage availability is limiting, stocking rate is too high and a reduction in the number of goats is probably in order. I love being married.Its so great to find that one person you want to annoy for the rest of your life. . Alfalfa is the gold standard. We do use the straw for bedding though. Bought some triticale hay two years ago, and the goats loved it (as did the flies, they seemed to flock to those bales). Hay is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter seasons. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). The human spirit needs places where nature has not been rearranged by the hand of man. Oats are a palatable feedstuff and may be safely included at high levels in the grain ration. Many of the alternative feeds vary widely in nutrient content, making an analysis or some assessment of the feed value necessary. For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. The leafy fiber strands are longer than the ones produced by a grass hay. Oat hay is a pretty good forage, but it can be high in nitrates, especially in drought years. The goats only picked through it and left most of it to become litter. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. Cheryl K. Smith has raised a small herd of dairy goats under the herd name Mystic Acres since 1998. If it was me, I would look for alfalfa hay. Goats raised for meat need high quality feed in most situations and require an optimum balance of many different nutrients to achieve maximum profit potential. I don't know if you mean oat 'hay' with the oat seeds still in it? With alternative feeds, we recommend wet chemistry analysis to determine nutrient content. Barley straw is generally considered to be the best as goats will be happy to eat it as well (although nutritional value of straw is low, it is good roughage). For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Wheat or oat straw (after the grain is harvested) makes very poor quality hay for small ruminants, and the awns can injure the animal’s mouth. But, in the same respect, dogs were never really meant to eat kibble. Feeding hay and alfalfa. Producers must know the energy, protein and major mineral levels of these feeds to develop balanced, least-cost diets for livestock. For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. Goats on pasture should not need hay. She published Ruminations: The Nigerian Dwarf and Mini Dairy Goat magazine and Goat Health Care. We've always fed Sudan hay, goats will nearly always choose it over coastal. It should be available ad lib at all times of the year. Legume hay typically has the highest digestible energy, as the leaves do not change as the plant grows. Baleage can be fed like hay, but needs to be used within about five days after unwrapping the bale (three to four days in warm weather and six to seven days in winter) in order to prevent spoilage. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. She writes a blog (ruminationsongoats.blogspot.com) and is an expert on goats at allexperts.com. Timothy. Goats will ingest approximately 120% more energy from an alfalfa hay that they would from an oat style of hay. Good hay is the most important part of any goats diet. Like oat hay, forage hay is cut at the optimal time to ensure a highly palatable feed for horses, cattle, goats and sheep. . I guess there must be lots of different types of oat hay then. When I can’t find enough good quality green hay, I supplement my goats, sheep, and pigs with hay pellets. Mostly for cattle, but when I got goats I started giving them some too. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. Oats are a cereal grain typically grown in the northern United States. While oats are considered a safe grain source that provides additional energy in the horse’s diet, other factors need to be considered when trying to meet all the nutrient requirements according to stage of life and level of activity of the horse. The leafy fiber strands are longer than the ones produced by a grass hay. You can fulfill the carbohydrate needs of your goats by feeding them whole and rolled grains. JavaScript is disabled. Yes, oats can be used as a feed for beef cattle. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. Hay is used as animal fodder, meaning feed for large livestock animals. … Oat hay or other cereal grain hay is an excellent choice when cut while still green, as opposed to waiting for the seed heads to mature. 6  It's what they mostly eat in the winter when they don't have access to the range. Where we are at oats can winter kill on you so that is a not good. Ask the farmer if he had a nitrate test done, or ask if he can do one or you can pay for it to be done. It is also used for smaller animals such as rabbits. If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. Our goats also pick at the hay but we feel it is better to pay more for the alfalfa or pellets than buy oat hay they don't eat. I do feed something similar in hay all winter but, I buy some very special for the milkers all summer. As previously mentioned, hay is not a supplement. Ask the farmer if he had a nitrate test done, or ask if he can do one or you can pay for it to be done. Grass hay is a good source of food because it includes a moderate amount of proteins. While oats do provide additional energy to the diet, there are actually some downfalls to a standard oats and alfalfa hay diet. My question is if it's ok for them to just have the whole oats as their feed and if so how much is enough for them. Small grain hays (wheat, oats) can be good if harvested before the plant begins to make a seedhead. Oats and peas can be planted as a nurse crop for alfalfa or other hay seedings, or grown alone. Thank you. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. One exception would be the justifiable feeding of hay to goats on snow or ice-covered pastures. . This varies depending on the maturity of the hay or alfalfa and the way that its cured and stored. This year we have triticale up and growing it supposedly doesn't have fly problems that early wheat can get. Goats will ingest approximately 120% more energy from an alfalfa hay that they would from an oat style of hay. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. If feeding non-afalfa or non-legume hay, other supplementation will be neccessary. I have fed oats hay before and always had a tremendous amount of waste. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Hay is another important source of goat nutrition, especially in winter seasons. You can buy all sorts of hay feeders etc to put your feed in. Wet grain must be thrown out, but wet bales of hay can be broken and aired out until thoroughly dry, then used as goat feed . It adds good bacteria to the hay which makes it easier for the goats to digest. Wheat or oat straw (after the grain is harvested) makes very poor quality hay for small ruminants, and the awns can injure the animal’s mouth. Mature goats do very well on a grass-legume mix and some grass hays, but generally do not eat coarse grass hay; having small mouths, goats do not like it. Resist putting the wasted hay back up into the basket, that is an invitation for worms, and goats do not usually eat hay that has been on the ground. Ask the farmer if he had a nitrate test done, or ask if he can do one or you can pay for it to be done. If you are asking about sheep, goats, and cattle, the answer is no. Feed your goats mold free qualified grasses based hay. So, why feed hay to goats? I use oat straw for bedding and my goats usually eat half of it--they love it. One exception would be the justifiable feeding of hay to goats on snow or ice-covered pastures. i dont want to but it if they wont eat it, or get bloat. We raise the bulls on triticale. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats in non-grazing seasons, or all the time if they don’t have access to browse. I am planning to go to free choice pellets for the whole herd. If goats are fed coarse hay, they may eat the leaves but not the stems. We do use the straw for bedding though. So if you are not already giving your horse oats, consider it because it is a wholesome grain that comes with many benefits for your horse. I would make sure they eat their hay, and then give them a scoop of pellets. . Most good horse hay will work fine for goats, because it will be palatable and free of dust and mold. Yes, all my goats get are whole, dry oats and some fat source (I've been feeding rice bran for a while, used to feed BOSS). The risk of prussic acid/cyanide toxicity may be decreased by feeding commercially-prepared sack goat feed before animals are turned out to graze. They also massage the esophagus, oxygenate the blood, strengthen tendons and ligaments, and they are high in silica and fiber. The farmer down the road knows I have dairy goats,(his son has 2 wethers) and stoped my husband the other day and wanted to give him a bale to try on the goats. Usually the best forage hay is locally grown and is not overly irrigated so it does not develop large stems. If they eat it, great! Like oat hay, forage hay is cut at the optimal time to ensure a highly palatable feed for horses, cattle, goats and sheep. grain is good for goats but only 1/2 cup to cup a day I think I was told, and none for males as well as alfalfa as is gives male goats stones they cannot pass and will die (anything high in calcium). The rest of the year my goats would be eating straw. Next in value is wheat and oat straw. Don’t scrimp on goat feed — it will pay dividends in good health, milk production, and lower veterinary bills. Legumes can have as much as twice the protein and three times the calcium of grass hays, so they are the preferred hay for goat kids and lactating does. It is also a good choice if you raise goats for milk since it has more calcium. Oats are used in human food applications and are marketed to horse owners as well. In cattle saw uric acid poisoning and was able to steer small ranchers/farmers into using more hay. Some of it the goats refused to eat, so it ended up being an extreme waste. It is important to know the best hay for your specific animals in order to ensure their … But, in the same respect, dogs were never really meant to eat ... and so is an extremely important part of a goat s diet. Goats on pasture should not need hay. Sprouted or hydroponic you need to pay attention to condition closely. thanks for any info. If hay feeding is warranted, forage availability is limiting, stocking rate is too high and a reduction in the number of goats is probably in order. Oat hay is a type of grass hay, and really it is just grain oats+the stems that they were on before they were removed. JavaScript is disabled. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. Standlee Forage makes hay pellets with alfalfa, timothy, and oat grass. Feeding adequate quality feeds to your goats is very important. Chaffing results in a fibrous flake approximately 2cm in width. Do NOT ever feed wet or moldy hay or grain to goats. ... and so is an extremely important part of a goat s diet. If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. My milk goats and other livestock self regulated pretty well with access to good quality oat hay. In nature, goats would have a hard time finding a mix of oats, corn, soybeans and sweet molasses. As you probably already know, the biggest danger in keeping goats is their digestive systems. As a result, there are times when the cost of oats is not competitive with other cereal grains. Works pretty well. Usually a pygmy goat will require about ¼ cup of grain daily. I do feed something similar in hay all winter but, I buy some very special for the milkers all summer. This ensures a high quality product still showing some color with good carbohydrate content and sweetness in the stem. Again, avoid dusty or damp straw - it will not do you or your goats any good! I think I will try the oat hay,I just didnt want to cause any problems.I know what you mean about the oat straw my goats eat the bedding when we put in the barn.This is before it reaches straw stage,I buy my hay from a cattle man that says this field is his junk field.The goats love it, so they cut this field for me every year in square bales.The oat hay is only amile away,my usual is 30 miles away. Even with pellets at $190 a ton versus alfalfa hay at $85, one look at the amount we waste makes me think it will work out. Additional vitamin A reduces the toxic effects of nitrates in poultry. Even though I have written about feeding alfalfa pellets to goats, I still get a lot of questions about exactly how pellets are different than cubes or hay and how they should be used as part of a goat’s diet, as well as other livestock.. Can alfalfa pellets or cubes totally replace hay? Jan in Co. A forum community dedicated to living sustainably and self sufficiently. I use crimped oats, steamed flaked barley, BOSS, alfalfa pellets --sometimes I throw in a couple handfuls of beet pulp pellets & they get a cattle mineral free choice. Oat hay is a pretty good forage, but it can be high in nitrates, especially in drought years. We have used oat hay for years. The leaf-to-stem ratio is the most important criteria. If they get messed up, they can die very easily. If the nitrate levels are ok, I'd buy a bale or two and see if they eat it. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. You must log in or register to reply here. Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) makes good roughage for goats. Be prepared for hay waste -- goats like to eat some parts of the hay and let the rest drop out of their mouths. I also feed alfalfa which gives them protein for milk production, and absorbable calcium to balance the phosphorus excess in the oats. Legume hays, such as clover and alfalfa, usually have more protein, vitamins, and minerals, particularly calcium, than grass hays. Although your goats may not find it as tasty as other grasses. If you are wondering what to feed baby goats, for the first month or two the little ones will mostly rely on milk and water. Second cut is also good to give to any goats that are bred. The fermentation process also adds more nutrients, minerals, and energy to their food. If I can find it next year, I might just feed it myself. Hay is usually a grass or legume like timothy or alfalfa, isn't it? Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). 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