[7]In the last year of their exile, which had to be spent in disguise, the Pandavas hid their weapons in the hollow of a shami tree. Although grasses predominate in the deserts of Iran, the Sahara, and the Thar Desert of India, members of the daisy family are almost as diverse here also. Some have deep root systems to tap into low groundwater levels, others have smaller or no leaves, and spiky thorns to save on water loss through transpiration. In 1978, an excellent publication titled Flora of the Indian Desert by M.M. This led to a royal order that prohibited the cutting of any tree in a Bishnoi village (Thapar 1997:179). Interestingly, there are references to delineating political space according to local vegetation. Garg), Figs. Sahapedia® is a registered trademark of Sahapedia, a non-profit organisation registered under the Societies Registration Act of 1860. Others, notably cacti and spurges have very fleshy bodies, but still have a leathery, impermeable skin. The desert also blooms, especially in the rainy season. The desert vegetation is mostly herbaceous or stunted scrub; drought -resistant trees occasionally dot the landscape, especially in the east. Instead, the region is seen as part of an interconnected south Asian desertscape, peopled by a vast range of itinerant and settled castes and communities, who have optimised the landscape, the biotic resources, and the locational advantages to their benefit. . One of the typical xerophytic adaptations in an arid climate is the reduction in size and number of leaves (Photo: Malini Saigal), Image 3. Natural vegetation of Thar Desert is composed of the following tree, shrub and herb species. 1889. For, persons who violated a potent deity’s proscriptions, by accident or deliberately, were likely to receive parcya or proofs . The indigenous species have traditionally provided food, fodder, fuel, medicine and shelter to a largely pastoralist and herding population. 12a & 12b. Jungle Trees of Central India. ‘Rajputana Desert Vegetation’. Mewar Sanskriti evam Parampara. Perpetrators of infringements on the inviolability of deities’ domains might bring a variety of unpleasant experiences upon themselves (Gold 1989:212). The remaining one quarter of the state consists of the gently rolling Aravalli range that undulates north and northeast into the plains of the Yamuna and the Chenab rivers, and connects to the Malwa plateau in the southeast. Due to the diversified habitat and ecosystem, the vegetation, human culture and animal life in this arid region is very rich in contrast to the other deserts of the world. Acacia leucophloea, Acacia senegal, Anogeissus rotundifolia, Prosopis cineraria, Salvadora oleodes, Tecomella undulata. They emphasised the study of autecology of plants, which is the life history of individual species occurring singularly or in association with other species in particular natural surroundings. . Answer: Deciduous trees. Located in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, between Pakistan and India, the Thar desert has minimal vegetation yet it is home to more than 60 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, 35 species of reptiles, 142 fish species and hundreds of insects along with 5 amphibian species. Plant associations that are integral to the ecological balance of a vegetation zone are better preserved in orans than in state protected forests where monocultural plantation has been carried out to the detriment of the area. Swami, Narottam Das, ed. 2011. 17a–17d. At the end of the year, they found their weapons safe and so worshipped the tree in thanksgiving. Most of the desert trees and shrubs belong to this habitat. 1918. King, George. These plants are stunted, thorny, or prickly shrubs. 1879. The rough nature of life in Marwar is captured in another proverb: Bread of bajra flour and dal of moth, huts of aakado and fences of phog; O Raja Man Singh such is your Marwar (Adams 1889:97). Indian Forester, Vol. Question 8: Classify the following trees as Soft-wood and Hard-wood trees: Fir, Pine, Teak, Spruce, Rosewood, Sandalwood, Chir, Sal, Shisham and Silver Fir. The perennial plants have developed unique features known as xerophytic adaptations that help them survive in the meager water conditions. Dominant perennials include Crotalaria burhia, species of Aerva (bui or desert cotton), Cympopogan martini (motio grass), and Leptadenia pyrotechnica (khimp). Cunningham, Alexander. The jal, kair and ak are also not infrequently met (Fagan 1893:3). Of these, 69 species were labelled as ‘introduced’ while the rest as indigenous to the region (Bhandari 1978:16). Nainsi’s Vighat, vol. Desert Facts: Desert Vegetation. Googal (9a, photograph by Malini Saigal; 9b, Arna Jharna), Fig. Settlement Report of Bikanir. The Vedic god of fire, Agni, is also believed to have hidden in the shami tree, which is why its sticks are used to make ritual fires (see allied article). (Images 2, 3 and 4), Image 2: Kair bushes with leafless, thin, angular branches. The source of water could be a well or tank, usually with brackish water. Once present in large numbers, the rohira tree (Tecomella undulata) also known as the desert teak, is now vastly reduced in its free state. . 1978. . Garg), Figs. F. Hallberg were professors of botany at St. Xavier’s college, Mumbai, and undertook an extensive survey of Jaisalmer, Barmer and Jodhpur between 1918–21 for the Bombay Natural History Society. I, 1829:1). The last is very significant to the Rajputs as it features in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata as a repository of weapons. 8a–​8c. ‘Of Gods, Trees and Boundaries: Divine Conservation in Rajasthan.’ Asian Folklore Studies 48.2:211–29. 2011. Khaaro Jaal (Source: Wikimedia Commons, photograph by J.M. Gravel and sand plains, formed by the sorting action of wind, cover a large portion of the region. They extend in long, more or less parallel lines sometimes up to three kilometres, varying from 15 to 30 metres in height. but still there are around 7 desert dune area, that are authentic desert sites. Ratha Krishnan, P. and S. K Jindal. Bhati, Narayan Singh, ed. 23. Many detailed studies have been undertaken post-Independence to map and identify plants of the Thar, record their growth patterns and prepare clear nomenclatures. Saline tracts spread throughout the desert, notably across Talchapar, Didwana, Pachpadra, Lunkaransar and Kuchaman, are covered with halophytic vegetation. Some of the animals in the Thar desert are snakes, camels, peacocks, wild cats, and tigers. Jodhpur: Scientific Publisher. Reasons for the Expansion of Thar Desert & Methods to Control this Spreading Dr. Kirti Mohan Sharma1*, Sarvansh Singh2 and 3Himanshu Jain Career Point University, Alaniya, Kota (Raj.) The Thar Desert is one of the major hot deserts in the world. Mythology and Brahmanical tradition is replete with instances of tree worship and tales of the sacred power of certain trees, notably the pipal, badh, and the khejari. Plant associations consist of hardy perennials with ephemerals in intervening spaces. The natural vegetation of the Thar desert is composed of the following tree, shrub and species. Bikaner: Rajasthan State Archives. Here is the list of animals found in the Great Thar Desert of Rajasthan: Black Buck: 21a & 21b. (Link to Arna Jharna article) The main threat today is overgrazing and the dying out of species like phog, which are natural sand binders, and this has led to advancing desertification. . The word jangal came to be used for the lands around Bikaner, to denote ‘a region where the sky is generally clear, and water is scarce, and land abounds in Shami, Karira, Peelu and Kankero’(Sharma 1966:12).[4]. The soil around an oasis is fertile, and date palms and other plants keep growing around it. 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